We had a beautiful dream, and that was all. China is the fifth member of this exclusive club, joining the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain and France. The Death Of Marie Antoinette. She is most known for supposedly saying "Let them eat cake," although the French quote translates more precisely as, "Let them eat brioche," and there is no proof that she said this. Marie Antoinette was welcomed in France at first. Henri Sanson was appointed Executioner of Paris from April 1793, and would later execute Marie Antoinette. Below is the ultimate list with interesting facts about Marie Antoinette. Paintings of the family stressed her domestic role. At 12:15 on Wednesday 16 October 1793, Marie Antoinette was executed. Her name has become significant with careless expenses and contempt for the poor, as well as an extravagant lifestyle in Versailles. READ MORE: How Marie Antoinette's Legacy Was Sullied By Vicious Songs About Her Death, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/marie-antoinette-is-beheaded. [citation needed] Leboucher. While Louis XVI was widely hated by his death, he didn’t seem to realize how to fix his screwed up country— until it … Marie-Antoinette was guillotined in 1793 after the Revolutionary Tribunal found her guilty of crimes against the state. Louis is executed on the 21st of January 1793. The French were also suspicious of her ties to Austria and her influence on King Louis XVI in attempting to foster policies friendly to Austria. Biography of King Louis XVI, Deposed in the French Revolution, The French Revolution, Its Outcome, and Legacy, A History of the Palace of Versailles, Jewel of the Sun King, Female European Historical Figures: 1500 - 1945, Biography of Louis XV, Beloved King of France, War of the First Coalition in 1790s France, The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. La Conciergerie. From birth, she lived the life of wealthy royalty, educated by private tutors in music and languages. He ascended the throne in 1774 as Louis XVI. Louis XVI was executed in January 1793, and Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine on October 16 of that year. Though she has a reputation for excess, Marie Antoinette helped develop a practical “little white dress,” seen in this portrait painted after 1783. After her mother died in 1780, she became more extravagant, which led to growing resentment. On 14 October, Marie was taken to face her enemies at the Revolutionary Tribunal. Two years later, the attempted escape of the royal couple from Paris was stopped at Varennes on October 21, 1791. 17. How old was Marie Antoinette's first daughter when she was freed? He was allowed to spend a few short hours with his family until his execution before a crowd of 20,000. Then, the following August, Marie-Antoinette is transferred, alone, without her children or sister-in-law Madame Elisabeth, to the jail of La Conciergerie. She was a political moderate, a supporter of the National Assembly and the Girondins, but an opponent of violence and radicalism. She was buried in the Saint Denis Basilica. "— often translated as "Let them eat cake!" Author: maureen. Inspired by the Ford Ranchero, which had already been on the market for two years, the El Camino was a combination sedan-pickup truck built on the Impala body, with the same “cat’s eye” ...read more, On this day in 1946, Alfred Rosenberg, the primary fabricator and disseminator of Nazi ideology, is hanged as a war criminal. The book, about the struggles of an orphan girl who grows up to become a governess, was an immediate popular success. Nine months after the execution of her husband, the former King Louis XVI of France, Marie Antoinette follows him to the guillotine. Her head was exhibited to a cheering crowd. Marie Antoinette’s father, born François Étienne, Duke of Lorraine, became Holy Roman Emperor Franz I, but only with his wife’s help. So, timid little Louis XVI was forced out to the guillotine on January 21st, 1793, and executed by his people. In this scandal, she was accused of having an affair with a cardinal in order to obtain a costly diamond necklace. Kissinger accepted, but Tho declined the award until such time as “peace is truly established.” ...read more. The studio, now known as the Walt Disney Company, has had an oversized impact on the entertainment industry and is now one of the largest media companies in the ...read more, A stampede of soccer fans before a World Cup qualifying match in Guatemala City kills 84 people and seriously injures more than 100 on October 16, 1996. How old was Marie Antoinette when she died? In 1793, Marie Antoinette was beheaded, and many people often wonder why this act took place. In January 1793, King Louis XVI was sentenced to death for conspiring against the state. When was Marie Antoinette executed? On October 16, 1854, an obscure lawyer and Congressional hopeful from the state of Illinois named Abraham Lincoln delivers a speech regarding the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which Congress had passed five months earlier. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793. Queen Marie Antoinette of France was born Archduchess Maria Antonia of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia in 1755. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. Marie Antoinette, meanwhile, was still in limbo. Just a year later, Marie was convicted and issued the same punishment. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. He grew up in Ireland and went to England to attend Oxford, where he graduated with honors in 1878. We aren’t 100% sure why Marie Antoinette had this thing, other than she thought it was neat. Did Marie Antoinette say "Let Them Eat Cake"? Speaking to Victor Hugo in 1840, a man called Leboucher, who had arrived in Paris from Bourges in December 1792 and was present at the execution of Louis XVI, recalled vividly: Here are some unknown details. Even though these allegations bore no credibility, they led to Marie Antoinette’s execution by guillotine in 1793. Until her death, she supported the monarchy against reforms and against the French Revolution. He spent a ...read more, On October 16, 1847, Jane Eyre is published by Smith, Elder and Co. Charlotte Brontë, the book’s author, used the pseudonym Currer Bell. The 1785–1786 Affair of the Diamond Necklace further discredited her and reflected poorly on the monarchy. At a time of economic turmoil in France, she lived extravagantly and encouraged her husband to resist reform of the monarchy. Her unpopularity helped lead to the overthrow of the monarchy when Parisians stormed the Tuileries Palace on August 10, 1792, followed by the establishment of the First French Republic in September. In October 1789, the royal couple was forced to move from Versailles to Paris. However, she went on to spend more than two months living in squalor before her trial and eventual execution for treason on 16 October 1793. Her youngest son Louis-Charles, later died of tuberculosis and malnutrition during the revolution. On October 16, 1923, Walt Disney and his brother Roy found the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in Hollywood, California. Marie Antoinette is beheaded Nine months after the execution of her husband, the former King Louis XVI of France, Marie Antoinette follows him to the guillotine. When Marie Antoinette climbed the steps to the scaffold at around midday on 16 October 1793, her execution was hailed as the triumph of liberty over oppression. Before we answer the question of why was Marie Antoinette beheaded, let’s take a quick look at who this woman was and what events could have possibly lead up to the beheading of a once Queen of France. When was King Louis XVI killed? Louis XVI was the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. She was charged with aiding the enemy and inciting civil war. She was particularly disappointing to her brother, the Holy Roman Emperor, for her inability to further Austrian interests in France. Marie Antoinette was executed following a show trial in which the charges against her were almost entirely false. Marie Antoinette was sent to the guillotine on October 16, 1793. The incident was one of the deadliest ...read more, The People’s Republic of China joins the rank of nations with atomic bomb capability, after a successful nuclear test on October 16, 1964. So let's give Marie Antoinette a little credit where we can: It was pretty darn brave of her to meet the crowd of snooty courtiers, dress half-done, on her wedding day. In his speech, the future president denounced the act and outlined ...read more, Oscar Wilde is born on October 16, 1854 in Dublin, Ireland. Marie Antoinette (born in 1755 and executed in 1793), was the queen of France, married to King Louis XVI who was overthrowned and executed during the French Revolution. Marie Antoinette's Execution in 1793 at the Place de la Revolution by Unknown Trial and Execution Over the next few years, the government of France was in turmoil. She hoped for foreign intervention to end the revolution and free the royal family. With shorn hair hidden under a cap and in a simple dress, she was unrecognisable from the queen addicted to extravagance, or the brutal harpy that had become familiar in popular prints. Marie Antoinette was publicly executed by guillotine for treason in Paris, France, on 16 October 1793, months after the death of her husband. She acquitted herself well; her spirited denials that she had never abused her son met approval in the court, although she had no hope of being acquitted in such a biased trial. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. It took Marie Antoinette and Louis seven years to consummate their marriage, and the story ends with her head chopped off. Marie Antoinette, however, remains an enduring symbol, around the world and across history, of the extravagance of monarchy and aristocracy—against which revolutionaries define their ideals. After a life of extreme extravagance at the Palace of Versailles, she was publicly executed by guillotine on the Place de la Concorde in Paris. Brontë was born in 1816, ...read more, George Jo Hennard drives his truck through a window in Luby’s Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas, and then opens fire on a lunch crowd of over 100 people, killing 23 and injuring 20 more. The charges against her were more an attack on her person than her politics; the headlines that had filled the libelles were presented as fact. Hennard then turned the gun on himself and died by suicide. The royal family had been compelled to leave Versailles in 1789 and live in captivity in Paris. She was reviled by the French public for her lavish spending. It is located within the premises of the main Courthouse of Paris, next to the Revolutionary Tribunal. Born in Connecticut in 1800 and raised in Ohio, Brown ...read more, On October 16, 1958, Chevrolet begins to sell a car-truck hybrid that it calls the El Camino. Facebook Comments. Marie Antoinette was born in Austria, the 15th of 16 children born to Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Austrian Empress Maria Theresa. Imprisoned with the king, Marie Antoinette continued to plot. This failed escape was reportedly planned by Marie Antoinette. The hole was overgrown with vegetation and guarded by vines and branches. The question has intrigued historians for 200 years. Louis XVI was executed in January 1793, and Marie Antoinette was executed by the guillotine on October 16 of that year. Why Marie Antoinette was Sent to Prison. The role Marie Antoinette played in French governmental affairs, both domestic and foreign, was likely greatly exaggerated. When queen of France Marie Antoinette was indicted in August 1793, months after the execution of her husband Louis XVI during the French Revolution, she asked that she would not "suffer long". How Marie Antoinette's Legacy Was Sullied By Vicious Songs About Her Death. This then opened the eyes of the French about the revolution. 1795. She urged her brother, the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II, to intervene, and she supported a French declaration of war against Austria in April 1792, which she hoped would result in the defeat of France. Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von Österreich-Lothringen; November 2, 1755–October 16, 1793) was an Austrian noble and French Queen Consort whose position as a hate figure for much of France helped contribute to the events of the French Revolution, during which she was executed. Marie Antoinette, formerly welcomed, became vilified for her spending habits and her opposition to reforms. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! Sounds more pleasant than the … "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Marie Antoinette was also sentenced to death and was executed by Guillotine on the same year. Jone Johnson Lewis is a women's history writer who has been involved with the women's movement since the late 1960s. In 1770 at age 14, Marie Antoinette married the French dauphin Louis, grandson of Louis XV of France. The family was imprisoned in the Temple on August 13, 1792, and moved to the Conciergerie on August 1, 1793. Short answer is that Louis was the main target as the living embodiment of the French monarchy, and at that time it was a huge deal to kill a monarch for being a monarch, even for hardcore republicans, so they focused on him first, before turning to Marie Antoinette when they … Maria Antonia’s mother was the powerful Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria and Queen of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia in her own right. Her body was then taken and dumped in an unmarked mass grave in the Rue d'Anjou. Sanson, the executioner, showing Marie Antoinette’s head to the people, 16 October 1793. All Rights Reserved. After the trial, he was proven to be guilty and was sentenced to death by execution. Born in Estonia in 1893, Rosenberg studied architecture at the University of Moscow. Her charisma and lightness contrasted with the withdrawn and uninspiring personality of her husband. Her sister Maria Carolina was married to Ferdinand IV, King of Naples, for similar reasons. 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